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In addition, if a worker is sent temporarily (usually up to five years) to the employer of the country of origin or a subsidiary in the other country, the worker may remain in the social security of the country of origin and benefit from an exemption from the social security tax at the place of reception. Workers who can benefit from this exemption for „self-employed“ would apply for a certificate of coverage from their social security administration in their country of origin. These SSTAs should help facilitate the free cross-border movement of workers between the United States and Brazil, as well as between the United States and Uruguay. Tax treaties and totalization agreements were saved because they wanted to regulate the social security relationship between their two countries, JOHN SEERY: Is there anything else that this agreement is special? International social security agreements are part of Brazil`s foreign policy, implemented by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (www.mre.gov.br). These agreements are the result of the efforts of the Ministry of Social Security (www.previdencia.gov.br) and diplomatic agreements between governments. On the contrary, for social security reasons, the administrator is considered an „individual taxpayer“ and his contributions to Brazilian social security must be withheld each month by the local source of his local allowance. Social contribution rates range from 8% to 11%. The tax base is the salary earned. That`s right, John. Many totalization agreements allow for extensions beyond the five-year period. But the agreement between the United States and Brazil contains a specific provision stipulating that an extension is allowed only if the person has not been in the host country for at least six months.

This agreement may be amended in the future by endorsements which, after notification of the completion of the necessary internal judicial procedures of each contracting state, will be considered an integral part of this agreement as soon as they enter into force. These agreements can be concluded retroactively if they specify. For example, the U.S. social security system requires 40-quarters of contributions to qualify for social benefits. A worker with 20 coverage quarters in the United States and 20-quarters of coverage in Brazil would not have had the coverage period necessary to obtain social security benefits in the United States.

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