Go Party? Go Skafa! Go Skafa! Go Party!

Although these rules have been agreed by the main trade union confederations and the main employers` organisations, they have not yet come into force, as the mechanism for collecting the information necessary for the development of trade union representation was not agreed with INPS until September 2019. Nor will they have a universal effect in the private sector, as employers and unions that are not part of the signatory organizations are not required to abide by the rules. In addition to small employers signing so-called „pirate“ agreements with unions with few members (see above), the large car manufacturer FCA (formerly FIAT) is not covered by these rules since FIAT Confindustria, the main employers` organisation, left in 2011. While for „conductors,“ national collective agreements generally set out the general principles governing their relationship with the employer, other general and specific terms are often negotiated through individual agreements. In Italy, there are many national collective agreements and most employers tend to use them. For this reason, an Italian employment contract is usually just a recruitment letter. This letter covers both the points prescribed by law, such as the identity of the parties, the place of work, the beginning of the employment, the trial period (if any), the duration of the employment (in the case of a temporary job), the obligations of the worker and the provisions of the ANCA concerned. Inter-professional negotiations generally involve employers` and industrial organisations within the major federations. In most cases, the industrial associations of the three main federations agree on a common platform of demands and jointly sign the final agreement. In the metallurgical sector, where no contracts were signed in 2009 and 2012 by the IFOM, the largest association involved, this was not the case for a period.

But that was no longer the case with the agreement signed in 2016, with the unions of the three federations supporting the agreement. It also confirms previous rules requiring customers to terminate the contract if the contractor applies another NCBA or does not pay wages or social security contributions. In this case, the agreement provides that the workers concerned will be rehired by the new contractor under the same terms of employment. The provisions on the working time of workers in the field have also been amended to meet new flexibility requirements. The new provisions increase the Saturday work of the decentralized negotiations and open work on Sundays up to a maximum of 25 working days per year (this threshold can be changed by a decentralized agreement). Employment contracts with senior managers are governed by specific rules defined in national collective agreements for this category of workers, which generally stipulate that their dismissal must be „justified“. This is a contrast to the past, where collective bargaining rules were largely defined by unions and employers themselves and the role of government was limited. [15] However, it seems that it is no longer just legislation to enforce national agreements between the main trade union confederations and the main employers` organisations and to eliminate piracy agreements. Giuseppe Conte`s government promised to introduce a law in September 2019, when the agreement was signed with the INPS, but it had not yet been implemented. [16] In all cases, trade unions are private organizations, and the negotiation process is not based on laws, but on agreements between trade unions and employers` organizations.

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