Go Party? Go Skafa! Go Skafa! Go Party!

[86] After the Soviets withdrew from Afghanistan in 1989, international interest in Afghanistan and the Mujahideen began to decline. Zia died in a plane crash in 1988 and was replaced by Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, the daughter of the man he had overthrown and hanged a decade earlier. Although Hezbollah Islami was closely linked to Bhutto`s political enemy, Jamaat-e-Islami, the ISI continued to support Hekmatyar`s faction and other mujahideen parties against the communist regime of Dr. Najibullah in Kabul. After Kabul`s death in 1992, attempts were made to bring Hekmatyar into a unity government with Rabbani and Massoud, but the Hezb-e Islami commander continued to attack his rivals. After 2001, Pakistan changed its official policy towards its revered and joined the US-led „war on terror“. In practice, Pakistan`s sincere participation in these efforts is questioned by Afghanistan, the United States and its allies. Current Afghan President Hamid Karzai claims that Pakistan, especially under Musharraf`s regime, has deployed its army and the ISI to destabilize Afghanistan and support the insurgency. Relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan improved when Musharraf resigned in 2008, but New Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari (widower of Benazir Bhutto) admits that there are rogue elements within the ISI and the Pakistani military who could support the Taliban on both sides of the border.

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